VIOLENCE REPRODUCTION: So Often, it Become Common
A friend of mine could not stand to see more scene of rape violence act in stage, theatre she walks out of the building. It was already play for only 20 minutes, which over all is two hours play. It was happened in February last year in Jakarta Graha Bakti Budaya. “Violence scene is vulgar, like you read rape news in crime newspaper”, she said afterward, and mentions one of well known usual newspaper in town for criminal news. The 15000 rupiahs for ticket was meaningless. She could not enjoy the show, not even to appreciate performance. It was one of illustration I dare to mention, I do not mind to criticized the show, which I did not even watched, but to prod more on how violence, in action and behavior become widespread and common, frantically almost accepted. But in speak of violence in theater play, one of the show “Perempuan di Titik Nol” (women at zero point) in Jakarta has been courageously diminished violence reproduction, instead replaced it with dance. Violence Reproduction by Media Above story was to illustrate on how reproduction of violence on stage is rejected by audience. Though it was one person, I believe there are many of audiences who refused to enjoy violence as entertain. And how much more person who dare to reject and walk out against reproduction of violence, quantity is not easy to congregate. I use term of reproduction to replace forms of impostor action taken from reality. Art is one of media of which often work in reproduction, in film, paints, and in play performance. Violence is masculine reproduction. Media world, as in arts and press is still dominated and managed by masculine power, in effect, the reproduction too gave deliver their value, violence. Though masculine is merely stereotype of male, but not exclusively own by, in reality in strengthen its position to always in tied with male (sexual) power. We might judge from television program which main theme is “violence”, sports with violence, the strongest the winner. From the World Wrestling Federation in RCTI-TPI, boxing in SCTV and Indosiar, kick boxing and other one o one fighting exhibition. Other than that, television has its own non-sport program with violence contents is so grouse make your stomach hurts. Though there are 9 boxers death in 14 years row (Media Indonesia, 6 February 2003), television violence program not stopped there. Over all television programs, there are 18 programs of 30 minutes to an hour news and special program which major content is violence. Most of them broadcast in cover of criminal stories. Slowly then, the content of media isn’t as important as the type of person being targeted by the ads. “The influence of advertising on magazines reached a point where editors began selecting articles not only on the basis of their expected interest for readers but for their influence on advertisements. Serious articles were not always the best support for ads. An article that put the reader in an analytical frame of mind did not encourage the reader to take seriously an ad that depended on fantasy or promoted a trivial product. An article on genuine social suffering might interrupt the “buying” mood on which most ads for luxuries depend. The next step, seen often in mid-twentieth century magazines, was commissioning articles solely to attract readers who were good prospects to buy products advertised in the magazine. After that came the magazine phenomenon of the 1970s — creating magazines for an identifiable special audience and selling them to particular advertisers.” — ( Ben Bagdikian, Media Monopoly chapter 6) Ben H. Bagdikian, The Media Monopoly, Sixth Edition, (Beacon Press, 2000), p.138.