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Indonesia Feminist Theory and Practices

Month

April 2011

Ketika Pemerintah/Lingga Rusak dan DPR/Yoni Dihinakan

Akhir-akhir ini, ada suatu yang memuakkan dari kondisi orang-orang yang memiliki pengaruh di media massa. Orang-orang yang beritanya dimuat karena kemampuannya, skill-nya. Orang-orang menulis dan melakukan tindakan tidak adil tidak fair didalam mengungkapkan kebobrokan negeri.

Yoni, kesakralan manusia yang dalam konsep Negara Indonesia, adalah MPR-DPR, dihina habis-habisan. Sementara Pemerintah, dengan departemen-departemennya luput dari hinaan yang habis-habisan.

Pengampu Lingga dan Yoni, Kepala Negara tak bisa berbuat banyak menunjukkan bahwa ia tak layak memimpin negeri. Karena kesucian Lingga dan Yoni dibiarkan begitu saja hancur. Tak sejalan. Selayaknya Lingga dan Yoni ada kesepahaman, sinkronisasi untuk menjalankan negara secara ‘modern’ karena itu pilihannya, berpegang pada pancasila karena itu landasan Negara-nya…

Namun, Yoni seakan tak memiliki arti. Padahal tugas telah dijalankan dengan antara lain UU yang dibuat, pengawasan pada pemerintah dsb..

Layaknya kesakralan yoni, vagina perempuan. Maka DPR lebih terbuka, lebih dapat diakses. Namun hal tersebut bukanlah ditujukan untuk menarik secara positif peluang atas pemberitaan dan eksplorasi yang fair terhadap lembaga negara ini. Namun menyudutkan, menghilangkan kekuatan pembentuknya..yaitu Rakyat. Ya Rakyat yang memilih para anggota DPRRI ini.

Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Republik Indonesia adalah lembaga yang mengejantahkan Pancasila sila Keempat: Kerakyatan Yang Dipimpin Oleh Hikmat Kebijaksaan dalam PERMUSYWARATAN dan PERWAKILAN. Ya, Pemerintah Republik Indonesia saat berdirinya memang didirikan dengan Kebijaksaan dan Permusyawaratan dan bukan Dengan SUARA MAYORITAS, bukan DENGAN VOTING laksana negara Liberal. Perwakilan DPRRI berasal dari rakyat yang menyalurkan aspirasinya melalui Partai Politik. Ya, Partai Politik inilah yang menjadikan NEGARA REPUBLIK Indonesia menjadi Negara. Pendirian Negara dimulai dengan Partai Politik, Indiche Party. Jauh sebelum Sumpah Pemuda dikumandangkan.

Orde Baru dari kepemimpinan Soeharto menistakan Partai Politik. Terjadilah Deparpolisasi yang akut, bahkan hingga kini. Hampir masyarakat kelas menengah atas di Indonesia ‘jijik’ ‘takut’ ataupun tak mau masuk partai politik. Ya itulah kekuatan dari ‘TEROR’ ciptaan Soeharto pada rakyat agar tidak masuk politik. Politik berarti melawan Pemerintah, melawan Pemerintah berarti anda Komunis atau militan Islam. Itu masa Soeharto. Kini, deparpolisasi dimulai melalui lembaga yang RESMI menampung partai-partai.

Lembaga Resmi DPRRI tidak hanya menampung satu partai, tidak hanya menyerap aspirasi satu golongan. Di sana ada Partai yang berideologi Islam dan bercita-cita menerapkan syariah Islam di Negeri ini, ada juga partai yang pragmatis untuk berkuasa dan melanggengkan kekuasaan, ada pula partai yang oposisi yang berusaha menerapkan ideologi Pancasila sebagai jalan hidup partai dan bangsanya. Namun semuanya menjadi sama, karena semua berada di DPRRI.

Rakyat dan mereka yang memilih anggota DPRRI dari partai tertentu pun sering tidak sadar bahwa bila mereka marah-marah pada DPRRI itu karena mereka dulu memilih orang dari partai biru yang memiliki kekuasaan biru dan berkelakuan biru. Tapi sekali lagi Rakyat tidak pernah salah, walaupun mereka memilih salah.

Di jaman ketika hitam, putih dan abu-abu sebenarnya jelas, tapi kita tak mau berpihak pada yang Pantas dan layak didukung, maka Rakyat Indonesia akan selalu terpuruk, kecuali Alam yang bergerak melakukan revolusinya sendiri.

Pemerintah hasil Pemiu 2009 adalah pemerintahan yang dibentuk tidak dalam suatu sistem yang jujur dan adil. Chusnul Mar’iyah salah satu anggtoa KPU 2004 dalam facebooknya menyatakan bahwa Pemiu 2009 memiliki banyak kejanggalan yang layak dipertanyakan bahkan diinvestigasi oleh KPK, namun dikarenakan KPK tidak didorong oleh TI atau ICW terkait Anggaran Pemiu 2009  yang jauh lebih besar dari Pemilu 2004 namun tidak ada kemajuan apapun dalam Pemilu 2009, baik secara kualitas penyelanggaraan maupun hasilnya. Dan Chusnul Mar’iyah menyatakan bahwa Tercabutnya hak Konstitusi warga Negara dalam kasus Kisruhnya DPT adalah kesalah Departemen Dalam Negeri, yang telah memiliki dana Trilyunan namun tetap menggunakan data versi tahun 2004 dengan pembaruan sedikit.

Pemerintahan yang terbentuk 2009…adalah Pemerintahan yang tidak MENGEDEPANKAN PANCASILA, hal ini dapat dilihat Meningkatnya kekerasan atas nama agama, semakin tercerabutnya toleransi dan rasa saling tolong menolong sesama warga. Contoh radikalisme golongan agama tertentu adalah buah kegagalan internalisasi Pancasila. Tahun 2011 saja terjadi 117 kekerasan atas nama agama. Bahkan pada tahun 2010, kekerasan atas nama agama, telah menimbulkan korban jiwa. Yang lebih parahnya adalah tidak ada sanksi terhadap pelaku kekerasan tersebut. Bahkan Negara membiarkan terjadinya kekerasan terhadap orang beribadat, seperti yang terjadi di Ciketing Bekasi terhadap umat Kristiani, sedangkan warga Ahmadiyah tiga orang tewas saat bentrok di Cikieusik, Jawa Barat. Negara tidak mampu menjamin rasa aman Rakyat dalam menjalankan amanat pasal 29 UUD 1945.

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Kartini Life of Remarkable Woman

Kartini, her life might be short, but her spirit lives the longest time than any Indonesian Woman ever lived. She died very young, at the age 24, shortly after gave birth her only son.

She was the leader of her female sibling in her ‘royal’ family, in a district in of Java aristocracy. Seven years after Kartini passed away her thoughts; feelings and her dreams for were shared to the world. She was no longer a leader of her female siblings; she is a leader for women all over the Archipelago, especially educated women in early independent era of Indonesia.

To the world Kartini has been acknowledge for her trueness, and genuine concerns. In an introduction of 1920 publishing Kartini Letter of Javanese Princess , AGNES LOUISE SYMMERS wrote: “In them the old truth of the oneness of humanity is once more made manifest and we see that the magnificent altruism, the spirit of inquiry, and the almost morbid desire for self-searching and analysis that characterize the opening years of the Twentieth Century were not peculiar to Europe or to America, but were universal and belonged to the world, to the East as well as to the West.

Kartini was a very passionate woman, a very creative and attractive in her way to embraced honesty and sincerity. Her passion is not only with things that she loved, also with anything that relate to life and people. She was very passionate when she has a time to talk about sculptor of whom she sometimes ordered for her friends abroad. She was very passionate when talk about how she wanted for Indonesian women to be independent. She talked about how people in the village are the people who lived very simple life but they can create piece of arts. It was Kartini who took seriously about art of common people, encourage them to increase their ability and gave the order to made goods from her friends abroad. It was Kartini, the first woman, the pioneer who dare to think and act as she did, when no one dare to think as hers, even more to speak up her mind like Kartini did, it make her a great woman ever.

Kartini has always been concern other than herself, if she concerned about herself she was in awe that maybe what her act will bother or disturb other people. Although she then did many of those things she feared, it was what she was done mostly for others, even it only in her speech, or her dreams, or her hopes. She mostly mention if or when women done these, have chanced to do these or those thing it will be good for community for people and for the Nation.

That is why she often criticized any action that might degrade and create disadvantage for women or people. Most of Kartini statements were empirical and most of her judgments of critics base on facts, morality and politics in principle.

Kartini has tremendous opportunity yet had to face the great obstacles herself. It might be that her privilege in one side is her curse on the other. As part of Javanese aristocrat Kartini had a chance to know Western education (Latin alphabets, and could read, and learnt Dutch Language), yet Javanese culture still consider women have not rights to educated, especially western education. Bu Kartini was an exeption in many fate of her lives. Her ancestor has started exercised the rights given by The Colonial government. To have education, a western education. Her father started to send his daughters to school to get education. Kartini’s father, Adipati Sostroningrat, was one of the pioneers for his advance for Indonesian women. It all cost many: sacrifice, conflict and rumours among aristocrats during his times (1880s).

And gain, Kartini, whe she reached 12 years old, had to stop what she like the most, her study. She had to stop schooling. And she had to live inside her family house and had to learn to behave of becoming an adult aristocrat. She lived in vain. For all her childhood has open up herself of other world, other thought, other situation outside her world, and yet she has to stop and buried herself inside a house. Fortunately her loving father gave her a substitute for her sorrow, by giving her and bought books, magazine and hired a tutor. Also Kartini had a chance to meet her father colleagues and friends. Out of that Kartini has chosen several to be her long lasting best friends (Mrs.Rosa Abendanon and Mrs.Ovink Stoer).

Almost all any issue in life were written by Kartini. Kartini speak her mind after she discussed with friends, reading and through her experienced. She talked about arts and cultures; education; religion; class; violence; injustice; social; politics and economic. No wonder her letters are inspires many to wrote out of her thought. And Iam proud as her follower, I can claim that her struggle is the most comprehensive and complete resistence to patriarchal. She spoke her methods and act upon it. She fight with words and do the words. I may say she was unlike a suffragettes in UK, and first wave feminist in US who fight for women’s vote, of whom mostly concetrate in education and politics. Kartini do many things, thought many things, and mostly what she said more than hundred years still relevance in today’s world. And as Nusantarawati, Iam glad that Kartini saw there were nobility in Nusantara’s culture yet, she too did not doubt to criticize what not noble.

Fight for Others

At the time of Kartini lives, how many women with the same status and privilege who fight for others. Very few. Why. It will ruin their privilege, and might harm the family.  But she continued to fights and spoken her mind. Sometimes her father will warn her to behave. But it was Kartini who for people in nowdays who did not understand her circumstances might find her surrender to her situation. Many sees her surrendered to polygamy, and to pingitan system: a system in which girl has to stay at home most of the time and doesn’t permit to associate with outside the home environment.   But those acts not surrendered. She continue fight in her own way. Kartini read and write at her room, during her pingitan. Her father bought her books, magazine of different languange, most in Dutch. She absord knowledge by herself. She mirror many stories to Javanese people existences. She mirror her reading of Hilda van Suylenburg character of a novel by Mevrouw Goekoop, a novel about a women emancipation.

Kartini’s said of her pingitan experienced: When I reached the age of twelve, I was kept at home–I must go into the “box.” I was locked up, and cut off from all communication with the outside world, toward which I might never turn again save at the side of a bridegroom, a stranger, an unknown man whom my parents would choose for me, and to whom I should be betrothed without my own knowledge.

How I passed through that time, I do not know. I only know that it was terrible. But there was one great happiness left me: the reading of Dutch books and correspondence with Dutch friends was not forbidden. This–the only gleam of light in that empty, sombre time, was my all, without which, I should have fallen, perhaps, into a still more pitiable state. My life, my soul even, would have been starved. But then came my friend and my deliverer–the Spirit of the Age; his footsteps echoed everywhere. Proud, solid ancient structures tottered to their foundation at his approach. Strongly barricaded doors sprang open, some as of themselves, others only painfully half way, but nevertheless they opened, and let in the unwelcome guest.(Letter of Javanese princess p.9)

And at the age of a teenage girl, Kartini seize the new experience and always longing for freedom, freedom that has never been known for women and most of Indonesian/Nusantara people at the time of colonialism. But unlike teenage girls now, who almost have no problem in expressing themselves, Kartini, a rebelian aristocrat wrote: For the first time in our lives we were allowed to leave our native town, and to go to the city where the festivities were held in honour of the occasion. What a great and priceless victory it was! That young girls of our position should show themselves in public was here an unheard-of occurrence.The “world” stood aghast; tongues were set wagging at the unprecedented crime. Our European friends rejoiced, and as for ourselves, no queen was so rich as we. But I am far from satisfied. I would go still further, always further. I do not desire to go out to feasts, and little frivolous amusements. That has never been the cause of my longing for freedom. I long to be free, to be able to stand alone, to study, not to be subject to any one, and, above all, never, never to be obliged to marry.

But when Kartini get older, more mature than in her teenage days, Kartini have to marry, and she married. As her respect and love for her father, and yet she didnt know that her husband already have 3 wifes.

@Umi Lasminah

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