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Indonesia Feminist Theory and Practices

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Umi’s Feminist Concept

The Winner is

And the WINNER IS CAPATALIST, The Winner Is PORNOGRAPHY

The competition between human, to get food, health and happiness is all through human years…

Sexuality and Cruelty persist to maintain patriarchy, said Irene Diamond on Millet on Sexual Politics.
Liberal coopetive masks on the face of sexist hate and fear worn by nice guy as Robin Morgan said.
Pornography have self image women and women, where design to dehumanize and degrade woman.

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Obama faces twin task in wooing Clinton backers

By CHARLES BABINGTON, Associated Press Writer
Tue Aug 26, 3:43 AM ET

DENVER – Meet Cindy Lerner and Leeann Ormsbee, the two faces of Barack Obama’s struggle to win over Hillary Rodham Clinton’s most fervent supporters — a task that could determine whether he becomes president. ADVERTISEMENT

They travel in different social and economic circles: one white-collar and financially safe, one working-class and less secure. They have different educations, backgrounds and reasons for backing Clinton’s presidential bid.

But both are self-described Democrats who say they may not vote for Obama this fall. And in that, they personify the complexity and urgency of his efforts to close rifts left by a marathon primary.

The most striking story line of the Democratic convention’s first day was the tenacity and emotion of Clinton backers. They unapologetically threatened to disrupt the four-day event’s unity theme, demanding that Clinton be honored with a prime-time nominating roll call vote on Wednesday — whether she wants it or not.

In conversations with die-hard Clinton backers, it became increasingly clear that her campaign was at least as much about them as about her. With 10 weeks to go to Obama’s showdown with Republican John McCain, they remain loath to turn it loose, even if their doggedness might help the GOP keep the White House.

“I’m not there yet,” said Lerner, a Miami lawyer, as she sat with fellow Florida delegates Monday wearing a Clinton button and a frown. “I hope we can use this convention to help Obama’s campaign and his administration understand what millions of women in this country live everyday in terms of a lack of respect.”

Lerner, 55, cited unequal pay, unfair workplace promotions and a “good ol’ boy network that is still alive and well in the corporate world and in the political world.”

“Delegates all over the country feel like I do,” she said.

Ormsbee, meanwhile, was far away, cleaning houses in Waterford, Ohio. Single, 29, with a high school education, she might have trouble relating to Lerner’s anger. Her concerns are mostly pocketbook and kitchen-table affairs, she said.

Clinton won her heart more by promising to fight for the working class than by talking of glass ceilings. But Ormbee’s doubts about Obama are no less pressing than Lerner’s. And she, too, feels Clinton has been disrespected.

Obama “made a foolish choice” in picking Sen. Joe Biden as his running mate, Ormsbee said in a telephone interview. “He could have been president if he had picked Hillary. How stupid can you be? It seems like he did it to spite her.”

In battleground states such as Ohio, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Florida, Obama needs to win the vote of every Clinton supporter he possibly can. But he must appeal to them with different themes, to address their varying grievances and fears.

Lerner and many professional women like her saw Clinton’s campaign as a chance to redeem their own struggles against sexism and hundreds of slights, large and small, over the years. They want empathy and respect from Obama, and Clinton is their surrogate.

Eleanor Strickland, a Florida delegate and Clinton supporter, has a master’s degree in advertising and a successful career behind her. But she remembers a Chicago ad agency directing her to train a man with less education and fewer qualifications to be an account executive.

“There was no thought that a woman could be an account executive,” she said.

Hearing that Clinton might not seek a full-blown roll call of her name in nomination, Strickland said: “I think she’s being pressured. It’s disrespectful. … I think she was robbed.”

She shared a Denver taxi with Florida delegate Catherine Leisek, an art professor and fellow Clinton backer. When Leisek worked at an art institute in 1980, a male co-worker said, “Honey, can you type this?”

No, Leisek had replied, adding that her secretary might.

In Garretsville, Ohio, Susan Carroll also is a Democrat and Clinton backer. But she can’t match the college degrees and salaries that Leisek and Strickland have enjoyed. She packages cheese in a factory, and worries about paying bills and obtaining affordable health care.

Carroll, 44, said she is not sure how she will vote in November. “I want to start reading and learning more” about what Obama and McCain are proposing, she said.

While Obama addresses the feminist-related resentments of women like Cindy Lerner, he almost must speak to the economic worries of the Susan Carrolls. Polls show him struggling to attract significant numbers of white Democrats without college educations who supported Clinton in the primaries.

In Denver, Clinton admirer Chris Lomas, 45, has reconciled herself to backing Obama. But she thinks she knows why so many of her sisters have not.

The contest between the two “was so close, and went on so long,” said Lomas, a first-year law student and Florida delegate. “People got so emotionally involved.”

Obama has 10 weeks to speak to those emotions and, if possible, keep McCain from stealing a crucial number of voters who call themselves Democrats.

Penjajahan Arab dan Barat

“PENJAJAHAN” ARAB DAN KEMUNGKINAN MUSNAHNYA ASET BUDAYA BANGSA INDONESIA

Oleh Umi Lasminah

Tergelitik kesal menyaksikan Eggy Sudjana (ES) mendominasi wacana pada Apakabar Indonesia Malam, di saluran TV One edisi 9 Juni 2008. Saya tidak menonton sampai habis, karena saya langsung menulis ini.

Pertama yang membuat kesal adalah: Eggy Sudjana menyatakan kata-kata Pancasila tidak ada di UUD 1945, yang ada kata-kata Allah. Mungkin yang ES maksudkan adalah kata-kata Allah dalam Pembukaan UUD 1945…”Atas berkat rahmat Allah Yang Maha Kuasa”…Tapi ES melupakan kata-kata …suatu susunan Negara Republik Indonesia yang berkedaulatan rakyat dengan berdasar: Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa, Kemanusiaan yang adil dan beradab…dst.

Dua kata-kata yang berasal dari nilai Theologis Islam, yaitu Allah, Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa (tauhid) padahal Esa bahasa Sangsekerta yang artinya Mempunyai Sifat Yang Sama, lalu diartikan sebagai ‘kemenangan’ dan pengakuan mayoritas penduduk muslim Indonesia pada masa menjelang kemerdekaan. Kemenangan ini telah melampaui bahwa pada saat Indonesia merdeka, masih banyak suku-suku bangsa yang bermukin dan tinggal di Indonesia menganut animisme, dinamisme, atau yang akhirnya mengaku sebagai Penganut Kepercayaan (mengikuti pasal 29 UUD 1945).

Sebagai muslim sejak lahir, saya mengenal Tuhan baik secara ritual keagamaan kolektif maupun personal. Dalam pengenalan saya dengan Tuhan itu saya tidak habis pikir betapa sekarang banyak orang yang mengaku Tuhan. Orang-orang yang mengaku tuhan ini berkelompok, berseragam seperti ‘malaikat’ berbaju putih, dan tidak seperti tuhan yang saya kenal Yang Penuh Cinta, mereka yang mengaku tuhan ini menebarkan kebencian dan melakukan kekerasan. Yang lebih membuat saya kesal dan sangat sebal adalah kata-kata ES terkait dengan tindakan FPI (saya menyebutnya Front Penghina Islam) “kalau satpol PP melakukan kekerasan kenapa boleh”…lalu host/pembawa acara TvOne yang lebih pintar dari ES bilang…konteksnya beda dan mereka berwenang…, tapi terus. Saya lalu berfikir, duh ini orang yang bernama ES sekolah dimana? Siapa yang mengajarinya (mudah2an tidak satu almamater dengan saya, mengingat sarang Arabisasi bermula di sana)..

Sebagai seorang yang mencintai Tuhan dan sangat merasakan bahwa Tuhan mencintai saya, tindakan-tindakan mentuhankan diri dari sekian banyak orang telah membuat saya khawatir bahwa negeri Indonesia musnah.Negeri yang didirikan oleh pengorbanan raga, jiwa, harta (darah, air mata,keringat) dari suku-suku bangsa berbeda-beda agama mengusir penjajah Belanda. Negeri yang menginspirasi bangsa-bangsa lain (di Asia Afrika) memerdekakan diri dari penjajahan.

Musnahnya suatu negeri bukanlah tidak mungkin lihat saja Uni Soviet, Yugoslavia, Cekoslovakia. Atau negeri-negeri yang mengubah dasar negaranya Iran, Burma dll.

Ancaman Musnahnya Kekayaan Seni-budaya

Bagi orang-orang muslim kebanyakan, terutama muslim perempuan commonality atau sesuatu yang umum menjadi landasan mengikuti perubahan. Ibu-ibu rumah tangga yang tidak memakai jilbab dalam keseharian, karena tetangganya menggunakan jilbab akhirnya bila ada acara memakai jilbab. Indonesia memang negeri yang gampang terpengaruh trend. Akan tetapi dalam konteks jilbab, trend-nya bukan dalam kategori fashionista (fashion saja), tetapi sudah menjadi hal yang inheren dengan kehidupan yang dianggap baik, karena kalau perempuan belum pakai banyak di antara mereka merasa ‘belum insyaf’ rendah diri atau merasa dosa. Kalau saya, biasanya simpel saja, memangnya ini Malaysia. Malaysia kan tidak punya Pancasila. Hal ini antara lain tampak dari perempuan yang terjun ke politik baik menjadi calon bupati, atau calon legislatif, agar tetap menjadi bagian umum-yang dianggap baik menggunakan jilbab. Saya tidak mau mendebat atau mendiskusikan jilbab, baik kaitannya sebagai pilihan personal ideologi maupun sebagai trend. Tapi saya beranggapan jilbab adalah salah satu penjajahan Arab dan adanya kepercayaan pengguna jilbab terkait dengan imbalan surga bagi dan terjauhkan dari neraka.

Ancaman tercerabutnya kekayaan berbusana sebenarnya sudah ada sejak penjajahan Belanda. Manakala perempuan Indonesia saat itu yang mulai bergaul atau berinteraksi dengan budaya Belanda mengenakan rok, atau pakai barat (baju bebe). Asimilasi dan internalisasi penggunaan pakaian barat oleh perempuan terkait dengan alam bawah sadar maupun tidak sadar tentang ide peradaban modern. Pada masa itu bentrokan budaya tradisi feodal (segala kulturnya termasuk berbusana) dengan peradaban modern merasuk dalam kehidupan, terutama kalangan ningrat dan terpelajar. Sementara masyarakat bawah tetap dalam kesederhanaan, kolektifitas dan gaya berbusana yang kurang lebih sama dengan masyarakat kelas bawah masa kini (yang hidup di desa-desa).

Indonesia memiliki tidak kurang dari 250 suku bangsa, dan ratusan bahasa. Di antara suku-suku bangsa itu cara-cara berbusana adalah salah satu yang membedakan suku satu dari yang lainnya. Terutama sekali akan terlihat pada busana adat perkawinan, atau busana para pemangku adat. Beruntung dengan lahirnya UU Otonomi Daerah pemerintahan di daerah tergerak untuk melestarikan ciri khas budaya lokal/daerah tersebut, baik dengan kegiatan tahunan maupuan festival-karnaval (seren taun, maulid,ruwatan bumi dsb).

Permasalannya kini adalah, Arabisasi sedang menghantam Indonesia secara damai, sama damainya dengan masuknya program-program televisi yang berasal dari negeri Paman Sam. Menjadi masalah karena keduanya akan mengancam kelestarian kekayaan seni-budaya Indonesia.

Salah satu titik ukurnya adalah bagaimana stasiun program atau bentuk kesenian yang ada akan dihilangkan dengan alasan yang sebelumnya tidak pernah/berani dikemukakan. Tidak berani atau tidak pernah dikemukakan terutama karena sebelumnya masih uncommon, sekaran sudah common maka pasti akan diterima. Seperti Tari Dero ini juga disebut dengan Tari Pontanu, jenis tari pergaulan di mana para penonton diajak ikut menari dengan saling bergandengan tangan membentuk lingkaran, oleh para ulama yang menganggap pergaulan perempuan dan laki-laki harus dipisahkan.

Pancasila Kekuatan Ideologi Bangsa Indonesia

Sejak awal sejarahnya dan hingga kini, sebenarnya bangsa Indonesia sudah menganut pancasila, dalam arti Islam yang pancasilais, Nasrani yang pancasilais, Hindu yang pancasilais, Budha yang pancasilais, Kong Hu Cu yang pancasilais maupun Kepercayaan yang pancasilais. Artinya para penganut agama-agama di Indonesia memiliki ciri-ciri yang tercantum di dalam sila-sila Pancasila. Suka saling membantu-gotong royong apapun agamanya (sila ke 5), saling berbagi, dan solidaritas tinggi dan tidak suka berkelahi (sila kedua), suka berunding dan bermusyawarah (sila ke 4), suka melihat Indonesia jaya/menang bila berhadapan dengan luar negeri (sila ke 3). Di antara itu semua yang paling membuat iri negeri plural (beragam suku/agama) lain seperti India, Srilanka adalah kerukunan umat beragama yang nampak dari hampir tidak lazimnya terjadi pembunuhan/pemb oman atas latar perang agama. Saya ingin menentang pernyataan bahwa terjadi perang antar agama atas apa yang terjadi pada 25 Desember 2000 saat pemboman serentak gereja di Indonesia, atau konflik di Maluku, Poso. Betapa pun fakta-fakta yang disodorkan pada saya mengarahkan saya untuk percaya sebaliknya. Pertama karena saya percaya bahwa peradaban Indonesia sebelum agama-agama datang sudah tinggi. Kedua peradaban tersebut dapat berkorelasi dan berasimilasi dengan agama yang datang untuk memperkaya bukan menghilangkan peradaban dan budaya yang tinggi tersebut. Dan ketiga adalah kebodohan yang luar biasa apabila bangsa Indonesia yang memiliki keragaman budaya yang kaya, ini mau dihilangkan oleh sesuatu yang bukan dari jati diri bangsa (beragam) menjadi seragam . Orde Baru mencoba melakukan hal itu dalam konteks politik, gagal. Pihak-pihak tertentu akan melakukannya dalam konteks budaya (RUU Anti Pornografi), kita lihat saja nanti.

Permasalahan utamanya adalah Penjajahan Arab sudah masuk ke ranah kekuasaan politik. Ini yang patut diwaspadai. Kekuasaan politik ini pula yang mampu meluluh lantahkan apa-apa yang menjadi pijakan berbangsa dan bertanah air. Presidendan Wakil Presiden Indonesia disinyalir membuat kesepakatan dengan salah satu partai berideologi Islam yang sekarang sedang naik daun. Tak ayal lagi, kehadiran FPI yang melakukan kekerasan lalu SKB mentri yang melarang ‘syiar’ Ahmadiyah adalah permainan kekuasaan. . Itu saja sudah mencerminkan mulai keluarnya Islam yang tidak pancasilais menanamkan pengaruhnya di dalam politik tingkat tinggi Indonesia.

Tidak Ingin Indonesia menjadi bukan Indonesia

Saya tidak mau membayangkan bahwa suatu waktu negara Indonesia tidak ada, dan berganti nama. Kalau berganti nama menjadi Nusantara saya tak keberatan, akan tetapi jika berganti nama lain yang saya tidak kenal saya keberatan. Mungkin akan ada alasan penggantian nama Indonesia misalnya kata Indonesia berasal dari orang asing, atau mungkin kata Indonesia tidak sesuai dengan agama tertentu.

Saya agak kaget juga saat seorang kawan bilang, “Umur Indonesia paling dibawah 100 tahun”. Sebagai orang yang lahir, mencari makan, memakan minuman dan makanan yang berasal dari tanah dan air Indonesia, saya keberatan jika ada sekelompok pihak yang karena kekuasaan politik dan kekuasaan ‘ilmu agama’-nya membuat orang-orang awam menjadi asing dengan sejarah dan budayanya sendiri. Saya keberatan bahwa Tuhan yang saya cintai dibawa-bawa untuk tindakan-tindakan yang dilakukan tersebut. Keberatan-keberatan saya semata-mata karena saya mengagumi dan mencintai Indonesia yang sedikit sekali saya kenali tapi saya ketahui begitu kayanya.

Saya tidak setuju bila ada orang-orang yang mengaku beriman pada Tuhan, tetapi mengaku diri tuhan dengan menganggap diri yang paling benar, padahal Hanya Tuhan yang Maha Benar.

Dengan kemampuan otak manusia yang terbatas pada saya, kemampuan yang terbatas dari pikiran, maupun mata saya untuk menyerap atau mengapresiasi kekayaan Indonesia secara langsung (selain dari perjalanan hidup saya, kerja dan melihat dari acara wisata di televisi), saya keberatan bila ada pihak-pihak baik secara terang-terangan maupu sembunyi-sembunyi hendak merusak kekayaan budaya Indonesia.

Ketidak setujuan saya dan keberatan saya adalah bagian dari rasa bangga sebagai orang Indonesia.

Kebanggaan saya karena saya mengamati bahwa budaya Indonesia kaya dengan keragaman seni budaya baik yang terkait dengan nilai maupun ritual spiritual. Setiap bentuk ritual peringatan seni/budaya tahunan pada umumnya terkait dengan spiritualitas dan seringkali terkait dengan penghormatan dan hubungan baik antara manusia dengan alam semesta. Di banyak upacara adat, atau upacara rutin, khusus selalu ada pesan tersirat dan tersurat yang biasa disebut dengan kearifan lokal. Umumnya upacara adat berbentuk tradisi telah dilakukan ratusan tahun, bahkan ada yang tidak bisa dilacak awal sejarahnya.

Bangsa Indonesia sejak jaman nenek moyang dulu telah bergaul dengan alam secara baik. Bangsa Indonesia sejak dulu tidak mengenal keserakahan dan atau pemusnahan sesuatu yang baik. Bila pada masa kejayaan Majapahit atau Sriwijaya, tak ada cerita budaya asli kerajaan yang tunduk hilang atau dilarang.

Hal tersebut di atas berbeda dengan tradisi dan bila dibandingkan dengan Barat, luar biasa kaya dan hebat, termasuk di negeri-negeri barat (Eropa dan Amerika Utara) kecuali tentu warga indigenous . Kita lihat saja tradisi memotong kayu atau mengejar keju. Umumnya tradisi/kegiatan di negeri barat baru berumur puluhan tahun, dan seringkali berujung pada kompetensi di benua tsb. Seperti di Australia, lomba mendorong dan menghias tempat tidur. Lomba minum bir, pada bir fest. Tidak ada nilai tersurat baik spritual ataupun makna yang positif selain ramai, seru dan gembira dsb.@Umi Lasminah

FUNDAMENTALIST FEMINIST

Umi’s Concept of FUNDAMENTALIST FEMINIST

Since long time I consider myself fundamentalist feminist. There is no such feminist in feminism theory. Somehow, I proclaimed it. It was because I use feminism as my view of everyday life. For me fundamentalist feminist is a combination of radical feminist in context, believe in sexual inequality persist and use it as perspective of my mind and to direct act in daily life.

Fundamentalist feminist as well radical feminist never hate male. Most of them disagree with male act as men. When male became man (gender role), they comfort in the role and forget other creature (female). In their comfort zone (patriarchy), male do not want to change the status quo (of women is subordinate, men in power and in advantage).

To be a fundamentalist feminist is only needs determination and loyalty. The determination is to continue struggle for change a patriarchy system into an equal joint-mutual community in the World. To be a fundamentalist feminist you have to be ready to be accused as not fair, “sexist”, un-strategic, due to way of persistence to be on female side, encourage female to be leader, and dare to create women’s space for their affirmation action in many parts of the life.

There is a simple way to put this into act. Try not judge woman over their ‘badness’, do not stop women to develop, etc…If you have a dream, share your dream with women, let’s make them investing to make your dream come true even in very small way.

umi lasminah@2008

PENIS CONSPIRACY, how it works

PENIS CONSPIRACY
Penis Conspiracy is subsconsciouness acts of males all over the world to keep males happy, have benefit (of pleasure and wealth), and hold control of power.
To pleasure and happiness
Penis Conspiracy acts are way to keep male happy by many efforts to make the penis strong, can always perform (erect) and have an ultimate pleasure of sex, orgasm. These acts not always driven or stimulate by desire to females, but by design to keep females desirable (subordinate) to males. With this, female have to be creature to make males happy and have pleasure.
On what can constitute effort to make the penis strong and always performs are can be seen at the invention of Viagra, industry of supplement for male (Obat Kuat) and supplement beverage. The other effort is industrialization of traditional medicine to manufacture old value of sexual power of males and machoism.
And to keep females desirable, all concepts of beauty, sensuality, and sexuality of males are too carried out through beauty pageant industry, cosmetic industry and the ultimate is pornographic.
Male have benefit of wealth through capitalistic of the world. All over the world males have always been the have, the owner. Males own property. It was only until 19 century female in England can have property (family wealth or inheritance).
Control of Power
Human, females and males have stratification of class and races. Because of their class and race males or female have experience oppressed. Since ancient Rome and Greek males and female have been subjugate as slave. But somehow, it was male slave who could free themselves and become freeman.
From all faces of the oppression, male who have the power over other male can act direct action to pay up the guilt by hand over the power to the oppressed. That happened to be in South Africa where the White male then power hand over to black male.
Now it is going to happen in USA. Males guilt on their racist policy of segregation and the exclusion of black in many institution, as part of ‘sin’ of white males. Now even hundreds years after aabolitionist, that mostly support by white women in 18 century, still women have not been seen as the oppressed to deserve what she worth.
The different between the and 1960s and the 2000s, in the 1960s women in USA have not yet in position of decision making, now there are many women (white & black) in position of Governors, Senate etc. But there is not yet male from black (the oppressed) to be in position as President. And for males, it is a time for black president; after all, he’s half white.
Even in single and simple act like to choose and vote a person leader, women do not have capability to be on her-side. The cloud of theories, comment, and ideology have blurred women (academic) in seeing other woman—what they see is no longer a woman, but a form of an act, and ambition, persistence or power—of which they are never seen in a man (they surrender before the Primaries). Because of the cloud on how media (if you aware, the true enemy of women is Media: television, internet, newspaper—have succeed in exploit women) built, she was have not reach what many women expected.
Since I think, American is conservative (hell! Bush have been chosen twice), how come Obama (who was Muslim and have connection with Farrakhan and Pastor Wright he’s electability is in question. But because Democratic Party (males) do not constitute ‘the conservatives’ they choose Obama.
For males who might think that my theory is not true, is okay. But the reality is how many woman presidents in hundreds of countries in the World? Can you imagine in your head, there are six presidential candidates, 5 are women, 1 man? Can you?
Catherine MacKinnon has said sexism exist, sexual inequality persist. Racism becomes stronger issue, because it is including male (against male).
(Umi Lasminah @copyrights, but you can quote by put acknowledge me. Anda bebas mengutip, cuma tulislah sumbernya-saya)

Board of Censorship for Indonesia why not, to reject market control over Indonesian value INDONESIA MASIH BUTUH BADAN SENSOR: MENOLAK LIBERALISASI NILAI OLEH PASAR

A Woman Concept of The Oppressed

A Woman Concept of The Oppressed

      Though it was already familiar that a woman is a gender being, and of a female other than male, a man. As gender being, it is academically accepted as part of concensus among feminist, that woman embedded with social construction. In Indonesia the term of woman is perempuan. But due to different understanding about the concept as a gender-being as term of woman, and a biological being as female, Indonesian feminist still using woman-perempuan to opposed women’s constructed patriarchal as woman, not a female. While in reality, word of perempuan continuously use by feminist to promote women’s awareness and progressiveness against patriarchy. I guess, within this term, I will use woman-perempuan as term of human creature who is oppressed/marginalized as a concept, as well as reality and a symbol of the ultimate word “the oppressed”, and this woman is struggle to get away with the oppression condition to become aware, of their rights by using feminism as a weapon and tool. While female, wanita or betina as a female creature is not yet have the ability to understand that they are being oppressed, and most of them still using patriarchal constructed to female creature for their ‘benefit’. Within this context the wanita, or betina is not only could adopt patriarchal role of being male-man and being female, they seem to not wanting to get away with the constructed condition by patriarchal system. So perempuan has internal meaning within the word as awareness of being oppress and has power within to claim perempuan to be able to empower themselves.

 

Wanita or betina has the body exactly the same as woman but somehow they do not have consciousness as a woman. It was a woman, who for the first time of their being ‘born’ that society called them woman because of their significant female-genitalia. The society trapped and constructed female to be a woman (the ultimate oppressed creature), than it is only a rational to deconstruct a woman to be free woman and the same as other human creature (deconstructed man).

 

I will not use psychological analytic to brought the issue of woman as the oppressed. I will use sociological facts and historical facts as main argument of how in Indonesia activist, journalist, mostly women still confuse about the acceptance concept of women as the oppressed. It was due to the real condition in our society that there are many ‘female’ wanita are involved or even the perpetuator of patriarchal system of which cause women, men, and children suffered.

 

One of feminists even argued that women could not become agent of peace, because there are female who actively involved in conflict makers. Within this terms she reject a concept of binary opposition that women and men, as victims of violence and actors. Of course we could not use binary opposition, that is why I proposed fourth opposition, of which woman as the oppressed, other part of the oppressors. It is strongly necessary to identify who are the ‘enemy’ and who are the ‘friends’ in the context to deconstructed patriarchal system that created social distinction and limitation to female and male.

 

Perempuan dan Wanita?

Bedanya?

Kalau perempuan yang ingin menjadikan dirinya merdeka dan orang lain merdeka?

 

 

 

Perempuan

Wanita

Role Play

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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